Volume 13, 2015/Issue 3-4
Practice or Academic Training Commercial Schools in the Crossfire of the Education Policy and the Representatives of the Labour Market
While discussing about the secondary commercial vocational education in the era of dualism we found it important to focus on the details how law and regulations of the state authority as well as the education policy atmosphere influenced the functioning of the Hungarian commercial schools. We surveyed the opinions and arguments of politicians significant from the educational point of view of the era, the functioning of the school type and its possible changes, and we also wondered how the commercial school teachers saw their situation in the school type. The continuous approach of commercial schools to secondary schools giving general knowledge and at the same time the duality of providing a theoretical as well as a practical commercial vocational education made it more difficult to accept and place this school type on the school market of the era. This was not easy even though it was classified rather as a secondary school than a vocational school on the basis of school qualifications and the content of the teaching material of the Western-European countries. On the other hand taking into consideration the national laws and regulations it was regarded as a vocational school.